Category: News

1990 – Howard Gardner

Everyone has at least seven intelligences, most of which are overlooked by standard IQ tests. That’s the theory advanced by Howard Gardner, an educational psychologist at Harvard University who has won the 1990 award. In his 1983 book, “Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences,” Gardner distinguishes seven kinds of human intelligence: linguistic, musical, […]

1990 – Joan Tower

Flowing instrumental solos combine with tension-building momentum in Joan Tower’s “Silver Ladders,” winner of the 1990 award. The 22-minute orchestral work, commissioned by the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra and Meet the Composer Inc., premiered on Jan. 9, 1987. “Its many upward-moving lines suggest nothing so much as a giant ladder, reaching to the sky and […]

1989 – Robert Keohane

What’s the best way to encourage the nations of the world to cooperate? Economic agencies such as the International Monetary Fund and World Bank may offer the most hope, according to Robert Keohane, a political scientist at Duke University and recipient of the 1989 award. In his award-winning book, After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in […]

1989 – Bertrand Schwartz

Action first, knowledge after. That’s one of the principles behind a job training program developed by French educator Bertrand Schwartz, whose innovations in social and vocational preparation for disadvantaged youth earned him the 1989 award. “Knowledge only comes into the picture as required by the doing process,” Schwartz said in a 1987 lecture delivered in […]

1989 – Chinary Ung

Cambodian folk melodies and Western composition techniques are masterfully fused in Chinary Ung’s “Inner Voices,” winner of the 1989 award. The work, commissioned by the Pennsylvania Arts Council for the Philadelphia Orchestra, premiered in 1986. One music critic who attended the performance called the composition “lavishly colored, and wholly understandable in terms of contemporary American […]

1988 – Richard Neustadt and Ernest May

Contemporary political leaders should look to the past for help in tackling the world’s problems. That idea, proposed by two Harvard professors who have both served as top government advisors, claimed the 1988 award. Richard E. Neustadt, a professor of government at Harvard’s JFK School of Government, and Ernest R. May, a history professor at […]

1987 – Harrison Birtwistle

“The Mask of Orpheus,” a modern opera by British composer Harrison Birtwistle, has won the 1987 award. The four-hour opera features masked singers, mimes and electronic music. It was selected from 95 pieces submitted by conductors, critics, publishers and music schools in 20 countries. Birtwistle, 53, was to be notified by telephone today about the […]

1986 – Gyorgy Ligeti

A 62-year-old composer who lives in Austria has won the second University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition. Gyorgy Ligeti, who was born in Hungary and now makes his home in Vienna, received the prize for his “Etudes for Piano,” a set of six short works. None of the pieces are longer than 3 […]

1985 – Witold Lutoslawski

Polish composer Witold Lutoslawski has captured the first University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition. Lutoslawski, 72, won the award for his Symphony No. 3, which was given its world premiere by Sir Georg Solti and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra Sept. 29, 1983. He will receive $150,000, to be paid in five annual installments […]